Sevres, Treaty of

   On 10 August 1920, the defeated Ottoman Empire was forced to sign the Treaty of Sevres, which would have reduced it to only a small rump section of Anatolia. The Turkish War of Independence overturned the stillborn Treaty of Sevres, and in 1923 a new Treaty of Lausanne recognized the modern Republic of Turkey. The very term Treaty of Sevres remains a byword in Turkey today, symbolizing the West's desire to partition and destroy Turkey.
   For the Kurds, however, the Treaty of Sevres represents a lost opportunity because it specifically provided for "local autonomy for predominantly Kurdish areas" (Article 62), while Article 64 even looked forward to the possibility that "the Kurdish peoples" might be granted "independence from Turkey." One obvious flaw in all this was that the Treaty of Sevres did not demarcate the borders between a putative Kurdistan and an independent Armenia, which the Treaty also tried to establish. The main problem, however, was that the Kurds proved to be too divided to take advantage of their opportunity, while the Turks proved resurgent under Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk). Sevres is a suburb of Paris.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Sèvres, Treaty of — (Aug. 10, 1920) Pact at the end of World War I between the Allied Powers and the government of Ottoman Turkey, signed at Sèvres, France. It abolished the Ottoman Empire, obliged Turkey to renounce rights over Arab Asia and North Africa, and… …   Universalium

  • treaty — /tree tee/, n., pl. treaties. 1. a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. 2. the formal document embodying such an international agreement. 3. any agreement or… …   Universalium

  • Sèvres (disambiguation) — Sèvres may refer to:*Sèvres a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France *Manufacture nationale de Sèvres the Sèvres porcelain factory*Deux Sèvres a département in France *Sèvre Nantaise a river in France *Sèvre Niortaise a river in… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Sèvres — Infobox Treaty name = Treaty of Sèvres long name = The Treaty of Peace Between the Allied and Associated Powers and Turkey image width = 300px caption = Partitioning of Anatolia and Thrace according to the Treaty of Sèvres type = date drafted =… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Moscow (1921) — The Treaty of Moscow or Treaty of Brotherhood was a friendship treaty between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and Bolshevist Russia under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, signed on 16… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Lausanne — Infobox Treaty name = Treaty of Lausanne long name = image width = caption = type = date drafted = date signed = 1923 July 24 location signed = Lausanne, Switzerland date sealed = date effective = condition effective = Ratification by Turkey and… …   Wikipedia

  • Sèvres — French commune nomcommune=Sèvres (1908)| mapcaption=Paris and inner ring départements lat long=coord|48|49|0|N|2|13|0|E région=Île de France département=Hauts de Seine | arrondissement=Boulogne Billancourt canton= insee= cp= 92310 maire= mandat=… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine — Infobox Treaty name = Treaty of Neuilly sur Seine long name = image width = 340px caption = Bulgaria after Treaty of Neuilly sur Seine type = date drafted = date signed = 1919 November 27 location signed = Neuilly sur Seine, France date sealed =… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Alexandropol — Infobox Treaty name = Treaty of Alexandropol long name = image width = 200px caption = Kazım Karabekir, the signatory from Turkish side, on the road to Alexandropol type = Peace treaty date drafted = date signed = December 2 1920 location signed …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Paris (1856) — For other treaties of Paris, see Treaty of Paris. From Auguste Blanchard s copper plate engraving after Edouard Dubufe s Picture …   Wikipedia

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